Xiao Hua of the Ministry of industry and informati

2022-07-29
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Xiaohua of the Ministry of industry and information technology: accelerating the realization of new breakthroughs in the electronic information industry

the electronic information industry is still the strategic commanding height seized by developed countries. The integration and fusion of noise information technology innovation are more prominent

during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's electronic information industry will achieve new breakthroughs and achieve new growth

development status of China's electronic information industry

the electronic information industry has the characteristics of large industrial scale, rapid technological progress and strong industrial relevance. It is not only an important engine of economic growth, but also an important strategic industry of China's national economy

since the second half of 2009, China's electronic information industry has continued to maintain a restorative growth trend, walked out of the negative impact of the international financial crisis, and has entered a stable growth stage. From January to October 2010, the industrial added value of electronic information manufacturing above designated size increased by 17.7% year-on-year, 1.6 percentage points higher than the industrial average level; The sales output value reached 5058.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 25.9%, an increase of 24.7% over the same period in 2008; The export delivery value was 2965.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28.4% and 16.0% over the same period in 2008

Xiaohua, director of the electronic information department of the Ministry of industry and information technology

although the macro environment has stabilized and improved, the uncertainties and problems in the economic operation are still prominent, the international market is still fluctuating, and the industry has not yet fully recovered to the pre crisis level. This requires us to further understand the trend of industrial development, grasp the key points of industrial development, base ourselves on the long-term and advance the layout, in order to achieve sustained and stable rapid growth

several judgments on the development trend of the electronic information industry

(I) the electronic information industry is still the strategic commanding height seized by developed countries

in recent years, countries around the world have launched new development strategies for the electronic information industry. The United States pays attention to the development of various intelligent systems and advanced communication technologies, such as smart earth, and focuses on the development of emerging information technologies such as medical electronics, photovoltaic and Optoelectronics in its economic stimulus plan; The Japanese government has launched the i-japan strategy, the Korean government has issued the Korean future IT strategy, and the UK has put forward the digital UK plan, all of which focus on the integration and application of information technology and traditional industries in their future development; In the relevant development strategies of the electronic information industry issued by the European Union and Japan, the application of IOT in traditional industries is also the focus of future development

(II) the characteristics of integration and integration of information technology innovation are more obvious.

first, information technology is increasingly manifested in the coordinated development of technology groups. For example, the information technology groups represented by integrated circuits and network technology have brought the revolution of the communication industry and have penetrated into various disciplines and fields

second, the comprehensive integration and cross integration of technologies increase the difficulty of technology R & D, which requires the centralized investment of innovation elements such as technology, talents and capital. Enterprises invest a lot in R & D and form a large number of patents. A few large enterprises form a standard or system alliance through core technology innovation, forming a barrier to later entry enterprises and leading industrial development. For example, Intel invests more than 5billion US dollars in research and development every year, and thousands of technicians are dedicated to developing CPU technology. Through huge investment and continuous technological progress, the threshold of industrial competition is continuously raised

(III) business model innovation has become a new engine for industrial development.

first, it technology product service. For example, cloud computing will become one of the most important business models for information industry services in the future. Three models have emerged: infrastructure as a service (IAAs), software as a service (SaaS) and platform as a service (PAAS). The future cloud computing center will be similar to the concept of water companies and power companies, so that users can use their resources anytime, anywhere and on demand at a lower cost, without buying or owning complex software and hardware systems

second, restructure the industrial chain system. This integration capability based on terminal, network, software, content and service has increasingly become the key to seize the leading power of industrial development. Apple in the United States is the pioneer of this model innovation. It has successfully built a personal communication and entertainment industry chain based on iPod. The revenue from selling iPod terminals and content products has accounted for more than 30% of the company's total sales revenue

(IV) the pace of mergers and acquisitions of multinational companies has accelerated.

since 2009, in order to cope with the international financial crisis, the world's major IT enterprises have adopted mergers and acquisitions strategies to integrate advantageous resources, explore emerging markets, and implement product diversification development strategies, so as to enhance the industry status and their competitiveness. For example, IBM develops emerging markets through strategic investment, pays high attention to the cloud computing field, and acquires well-known companies that help its software business grow; Intel established a new energy system group to lock in new businesses such as intelligent building and intelligent electricity; Oracle acquired sun, a server giant, and expanded its business to hardware

in the next five years, with the gradual recovery of the world economy, this development trend will continue. Major multinational IT enterprises will continue to use their existing resources to actively carry out mergers and acquisitions and expand business areas and market space

(V) green it will become the focus of future industrial development

at present, governments of various countries have launched green it strategies and future development plans. In the digital Japan innovation plan, the Japanese government proposed to develop and implement ubiquitous green ICT to accelerate the low-carbon revolution; In the green it national strategy, the Korean government proposed to increase R & D investment to achieve a low-carbon working environment; The EU has also developed various policy frameworks for using ICT to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction

in addition, encouraged and guided by government policies, major IT companies around the world are actively designing and improving green IT technologies. For example, IBM announced that its green innovation project has entered the second stage. It has launched a modular, energy-efficient data center design in the world that takes the accuracy of displacement testing as the standard to measure the level of experimental machines, which can reduce energy consumption by as much as 50%; HP continues to research energy-saving technologies at all levels such as dynamic intelligent cooling; Intel has increased its investment in new green IT technologies to accelerate the improvement of energy efficiency and performance

thoughts on the development focus of electronic information industry

(I) photovoltaic industry

photovoltaic industry has become one of the fastest growing strategic emerging industries in the world. The annual compound growth rate of global PV system installation from 2000 to 2007 was as high as 44.2%, and the compound growth rate from 2008 to 2009 was as high as 54.1%. In 2009, the global installed capacity of solar cell modules reached 7.2gw, with a year-on-year increase of 15%. It is estimated that in 2010, the global installed capacity of the first production line of DuPont Hongji new materials can reach 15gw. It is predicted that by 2050, the proportion of solar PV in global energy will reach 25%, which is another field with a scale of more than $100 billion after IC and flat panel

China's photovoltaic industry has grown rapidly. In 2000, China's solar cell output was only 3MW. By the end of 2007, it even became an indispensable equipment, reaching 1088mw, surpassing Europe (1062.8mw) and Japan (920mw), ranking first in the world. In 2009, China's solar cell output reached 4382mw. At present, China's photovoltaic industry has basically mastered the key technologies of polysilicon and solar cells, and most of the equipment has been localized, forming a relatively complete solar photovoltaic industry chain, including high-purity silicon production, solar cells and module manufacturing, photovoltaic system installation and related supporting industries

at present, there are also several major problems to be solved in China's photovoltaic industry: first, the popularity of industrial investment continues to rise; second, there is a gap between the key technology and equipment and the international advanced level; third, the application policy system is imperfect; fourth, the international market containment is intensifying

in view of this, we can take the following countermeasures: first, we should strengthen the overall planning and guidance of industries, resolutely curb low-level redundant construction, and improve industrial concentration and competitiveness; Second, we should accelerate the start of the domestic market, consolidate and expand the foreign market; Third, it is necessary to promote the organization construction of photovoltaic industry and enhance industry cooperation and self-discipline; Fourth, we should increase investment in technology research and development and improve the ability of independent innovation; Fifth, we should improve the standard system and promote the construction of product certification and monitoring systems

(II) flat panel display industry

flat panel display technology has developed rapidly since the 1990s. At present, it has become increasingly mature and widely used. In 2009, the scale of the global flat panel display industry exceeded US $100billion. In the outline of the national medium - and long-term science and technology development plan (2006-2020) issued by the State Council, it is clearly pointed out that high-definition large screen flat panel display is the key field, the development of organic light-emitting display, field emission display, laser display and other flat panel and projection display technologies, and the establishment of flat panel display material and device industry chain is the priority theme

China is an important producer and consumer of flat panel display products. From January to June 2010, China produced a total of 52.991 million color TVs, of which flat-panel TVs accounted for more than 70%, with a year-on-year increase of 40.7%; In the same period, 19.49 million color TV sets were consumed, and flat-panel TVs accounted for 85% of the total consumption. At present, China has formed four flat panel display industry clusters around the Bohai Sea, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the central and western regions, and formed a relatively complete industrial chain including LCD industry, plasma display industry, organic electroluminescent display industry, and glass substrate, coating, coating, cutting, cleaning and other supporting industries

at present, there are four major problems restricting the further development of China's flat panel display industry: first, the overall scale of the industry is relatively weak; Second, lack of core technology; Third, the local supporting capacity of raw materials, components and special production equipment is insufficient; Fourth, more support is needed in investment and financing policies and tax policies

in view of this, we can take the following countermeasures: first, we should strengthen project management and promote the sustainable and healthy development of the industry; Second, we should support independent innovation and break through key core technologies; Third, we should promote the integration of resources and enhance the overall competitiveness of the industry; Fourth, we should strengthen international cooperation and raise the level of foreign capital utilization; Fifth, we should optimize the policy environment and give more preferential treatment to investment, financing and taxation

(III) LED industry

led is one of the most promising high-tech industries in the world. It has high technical content, long industrial chain and strong industrial driving ability. At present, it has expanded the product application from the electronic information field to the lighting field. In 2009, the sales volume of global LED products (excluding application products) was about US $11.8 billion. In the past 10 years, the scale of the global LED industry has increased at an average annual rate of more than 20%

in recent years, the scale of China's LED industry has expanded rapidly, with an average annual growth rate of about 30%. In 2009, the sales revenue reached 82.7 billion yuan (including LED product applications). It is estimated that the sales revenue in 2010 will exceed 100billion yuan. Industrial technology innovation capability has also been significantly improved. The gap between upstream chip manufacturing and the world's advanced level has been narrowing. The packaging capacity of midstream devices is close to the international level. Downstream products have begun to enter medium and large-size LCD backlight, automotive lamps, commercial lighting and other medium and high-end application fields. At present, there are more than 3000 led enterprises in China, including more than 50 upstream enterprises, more than 1000 midstream enterprises and about 2000 downstream enterprises. A relatively complete industrial chain has been initially formed. At the same time, domestic leading enterprises continue to increase investment and strive to carry out technological transformation and industrial structure adjustment

at the same time of rapid development, China's LED industry is also facing some problems: first, key equipment and materials are basically imported; second, products

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