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2022-08-14
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2012 IOT industry development new features and trends

Introduction: central leaders have repeatedly proposed to focus on breaking through the key technologies of sensing and IOT. What is IOT? What are the basic characteristics of IOT? What significance does the development of IOT industry have for transforming the mode of economic development? What are the new trends in the development of IOT industry worldwide? Lu Wei, Minister of the Department of technology and economy of the development research center of the State Council, will provide readers with in-depth answers in this article

since the beginning of the 21st century, in order to promote the development of the information society, some developed countries have proposed to build an omnipresent network society, and have introduced relevant strategies and policies as an important part of the national and gradually leading the informatization development of all consumer markets or regions. In 2010, China issued the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, which also takes the new generation of information technology as the key area of strategic emerging industries, and proposes to speed up the construction of broadband, ubiquitous, integrated and secure information network infrastructure, promote the R & D and industrialization of the new generation of mobile communications, the next generation of Internet core equipment and intelligent terminals, and accelerate the promotion of "Three Integrations" Promote the research and application demonstration of IOT and cloud computing

(I)

□ IOT is the integration of sensing, interconnection, automation technology and computing technology and its wide and deep application

□ the application of IOT is the deep integration of industrialization and informatization

IOT is the extension and expansion of interconnection, and is the application integration innovation of the new generation of information technology under the guidance of new ideas. IOT pants tear takes interconnection as the infrastructure, which is the integration of sensing, interconnection, automation technology and computing technology, and its wide and in-depth applications. Its function is that all kinds of physical information are sensed, collected and formed into digital signals by different sensors, which are quickly transmitted to the information processing layer through various networks. The processed information forms signals or knowledge, which, on the one hand, provides information basis for management services, on the other hand, can be fed back to the sensor equipment through the transmission layer to realize the operation of physical objects. IOT is not only the development of networking technology, but also the application of automatic control technology in giant complex systems

the application of IOT is the deep integration of industrialization and informatization. In the past, information technology and manufacturing were separated by two layers, and information infrastructure and physical infrastructure were separated by two layers. Information infrastructure construction, communication, interconnection, digital content and other fields developed independently. IOT integrates many modern information technologies, realizes the combination of information infrastructure and physical infrastructure, integrates informatization into all aspects of industrial development, people's life and social management, promotes the in-depth application of information technology, interconnection technology and automation technology in more fields, and promotes the integration of informatization and industrialization in more industries and a wider range. For example, intelligent transportation is developed when the traditional traffic management mode cannot meet the needs of traffic safety after the substantial increase of vehicles; Urban intelligent management is developed in order to improve management efficiency under the condition of continuous enrichment of urban functions and popularization of interconnection

IOT industry is an organic combination of traditional industries and emerging industries. The application and promotion of IOT technology will transform and upgrade a number of traditional industries, drive the development of a number of emerging industries, and expand the market scale of a number of traditional industries. At present, IOT is mostly applied in traditional industries, such as transportation, logistics, electricity, oil and gas, food and other industries, which greatly improves the efficiency of these traditional industries and improves the development mode. At the same time, the application of IOT has driven the development of relevant manufacturing and service industries, including chip, sensor, integrated module and equipment, middleware manufacturing, as well as the development of high-tech service industries such as application system design and integration, software development, test and detection, engineering implementation, cloud computing, and expanded its market scale

(II)

□ IOT has many functions, wide application range, high proportion of service industry in the industrial chain, and great industrial development potential

□ IOT has a long industrial chain, which is of great significance to accelerate the development of modern service industry

from the characteristics and laws of IOT itself, the development potential of IOT industry is huge and promising

on the one hand, IOT has many functions and wide applications, and takes market demand as the driving force for development. The application of IOT technology is an integrated innovation guided by the innovation of operation, management and business model. The driving force for the development of IOT is to meet market demand, save energy, reduce costs, improve management, improve efficiency and facilitate life. IOT is not only applied to many important industries that affect the national economy and the people's livelihood, but also has a huge potential market in daily life and other fields. The first is the public management and service market dominated by government public services. Such as e-government, urban management, medical treatment, education and other fields. The second is the industry application market dominated by enterprises. Such as telecommunications, power, logistics, oil and gas and other industries. The third is the consumer market dominated by individuals and families. Such as shopping, household appliances, leisure and entertainment and other consumer areas. With the continuous development of technology, the field of IOT services is expanding

on the other hand, the long industrial chain of IOT is the organic integration of manufacturing and service industry, which is of great significance to accelerate the development of modern service industry. Vertically, the industrial chain of IOT can be divided into upstream, middle and downstream. The upstream is related manufacturing industries such as network facilities, terminal equipment, sensors, chips, integrated modules and middleware manufacturing; Midstream is Internet and its operation service; Downstream are users and service providers of IOT, including high-tech service industries such as application system design and integration, software development, test and detection, project implementation, cloud computing and system operation and maintenance. IOT involves many application fields and is an interdisciplinary and multisectoral market segment. Each IOT application field constitutes its own industrial chain

the service industry accounts for a high proportion in the IOT industrial chain. The middle and lower reaches of IOT industry are mostly information technology services. The development of IOT will not only drive the development of relevant manufacturing industries, but also greatly promote the development of high-tech service industry and form a new form of service industry

at the same time, because IOT is a network designed according to the characteristics of the application system, different problems are solved, and the application scheme is also different. Therefore, the development of IOT cannot simply introduce technology and copy foreign experience. It must have domestic technical support. IOT application has localization advantages and initiative, which is mainly reflected in the autonomy of application design and procurement leadership

(III)

□ IOT applications generally give priority to areas with greater social benefits, and gradually expand to the field of living consumption

□ the development and application of IOT technology should adhere to the principle of cost-effectiveness, with technology and standards first

at present, some areas of the global IOT industry are in the gestation period of major technological breakthroughs and the initial stage of industrial development, and the R & D and application of IOT technology are mainly concentrated in the United States, Europe, Japan, South Korea and China. From a worldwide perspective, the development and application of IOT technology mainly show the following trends:

first, demand orientation, overall planning, and clear goals. In recent years, Europe, America, Japan and South Korea have introduced strategic plans to develop IOT. First, we should give priority to areas with greater social benefits and gradually expand to the field of living consumption. At present, governments of various countries mainly implement IOT plans in the fields of medical treatment, e-government, electricity, education, transportation, urban management and so on. For example, in recent years, the U.S. government has focused on supporting broadband, smart electricity, health and medical information technology applications with the goal of stimulating the economy. From the perspective of developing a green economy, the EU gives priority to the development of intelligent vehicles and intelligent buildings. The EU IOT strategic research roadmap released in 2009 also proposed 18 major application areas of IOT, such as aerospace, automotive, medicine, energy and so on. Starting from creating a reassuring and dynamic social environment for its citizens, Japan focuses on information services in public areas such as transportation, medical treatment, education, environmental monitoring, government governance, etc. South Korea, starting from seeking growth momentum and developing advantageous industries, has conducted application demonstrations in food and drug management, transportation and logistics management, environmental monitoring, safety monitoring, industrial automation, etc; After the international financial crisis, it also proposed to develop intelligent communication, home applications and entertainment, and promote the application of IOT in the field of consumption. The second is to determine the application focus of IOT according to actual needs, and solve industry problems pertinently. Third, driven by market demand, enterprises spontaneously innovate and develop. Most of the applications of IOT technology come naturally. When information technology develops to a certain extent, there is a market demand for the application of IOT technology. For example, it was initially applied in the logistics industry "These investments reflect our firm commitment to the Asian market. IOT technology is out of the need for food safety monitoring; the development of cloud computing is developed by some enterprises that control information resources through business model innovation and technological innovation in order to use the remaining computing resources.

Second, adhere to the principle of cost-effectiveness and improve the overall social benefits. Some large-scale applications of IOT investment have also created new" partners " The investment in business model is significant only when its overall benefits exceed the costs borne by providers and users

at the same time, we should also play the role of various cooperation mechanisms to promote international scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges at multiple levels, channels and ways. Encourage overseas enterprises and scientific research institutions to set up R & D institutions in China; Encourage Chinese enterprises and R & D institutions to actively carry out global IOT industry research, carry out joint R & D and establish R & D institutions abroad, vigorously support Chinese IOT enterprises to participate in global market competition, and continue to expand the field of technology and market cooperation

third, application-oriented, technology and standards first. At present, the core technology of the global IOT industry is not mature, and the standard system is under construction. The development of standards related to IOT is not only conducive to standardizing the market and guiding industrial development, but also of great significance for countries to grasp the leading power of IOT industrial development. Therefore, in the process of developing IOT, developed countries, on the one hand, carry out technology research and development according to application needs and master key core technologies; On the other hand, we should make great efforts in formulating standards

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